How to submit a patch to OpenEmbedded

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NOTE: This page has been identified as having content that is significantly out-of-date, usually because it refers to OpenEmbedded-Classic - for new projects, you should use OpenEmbedded-Core.

See OpenEmbedded Wiki Update Project for more details.

Contents

A task-oriented guide to creating a patch

Note: More details are available on the policy pages, but this document is good enough for most beginners.

Let's say you create a new bitbake recipe for OpenEmbedded and you'd like to submit it for inclusion (and you've already tested that it works, of course).

Set up git

Properly configuring git (using tekkub@gmail.com as an example user)

On Debain / Ubuntu (Note: Fedora uses `yum` OpenSuse uses zypper or yast)

sudo aptitude install git-core git-email

These are important to the commit meta-data

git config --global user.name "Tekkub"
git config --global user.email "tekkub@gmail.com"

Any Google Apps account

git config --global sendemail.smtpserver smtp.gmail.com
git config --global sendemail.smtpserverport 587
git config --global sendemail.smtpencryption tls
git config --global sendemail.smtpuser tekkupl@gmail.com

You can use the --envelope-sender option to have the email appear to from the address you are subscribed to the list. You will need to use the Accounts and import tab ender the gmail settings tab. Use the Send mail ass selection to address you want to send email from.

Create and Commit your patch

1. First you have to subscribe to the mailing-list openembedded-devel@lists.openembedded.org to be able to post your patch. See Mailing lists

2. Commit with a concise and descriptive message - one that explains your changes in a way others get a short overview without looking at the code.

cd org.openembedded.dev/ # or whereever you keep your clone of the repo
git add recipes/nodejs/
git commit -s # don't use the -m option but include my signature
nodejs: added recipe for v0.2.1

* included libev-cross patch which prevents wscript from executing cross-compiled code
* included node-cross patch which forwards DEST_CPU to v8's ARCH

3. Create your patch. Use -N for N commits to be included in the patch. Use -s to add a signoff line like "Signed-off-by: Tekku B. <tekkub@gmail.com>"

git format-patch --subject-prefix="PATCH" -1 # creating a patch for my only commit

If you are submitting a second version also add

--subject-prefix="PATCH v2"

4. Send your patch to patchwork

git send-email --to=openembedded-devel@lists.openembedded.org 001-nodejs-added-recipe-for-v0.2.1

Your patch will be immediately visible on http://patches.openembedded.org/

5. Once your patch has been accepted or rejected, create a patchwork account and update the status to "accepted" or "rejected"

5++. If you get soft-rejected (a lot of feedback), you should make changes according to the feedback, submit the next version, and update the status of the previous patch to "superseded". Remember to use `--subject-prefix` to mark the patch iteration.

Appendix

steps for people which don't have smtp access for git

Patches should not be set as attachment but inline.

If you do not have smtp access to your email account you have two options:

1. use a different account (e.g. gmail). you can make one especially for this. Note that the account may differ from the one in signed-off (although that is inconvenient)

2. just include the patch in the body of your email. Make sure you use an email client that does not touch the message (turn spaces in tabs, wrap lines etc etc).

A good mail client to do so is pine (or alpine) or mutt. For more information refer to Documentation/email-clients.txt in linux kernel sources [1].

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