This page describes how to create a recipe for a pre-existing Java project or library that is not currently available in OpenEmbedded or Jalimo. It assumes a basic working knowledge of OpenEmbedded and Java tools such as javac. An example library will be built from sources: Concierge, an OSGi framework.
Before proceeding with this howto, you'll need to verify that your OpenEmbedded build environment is working properly. This falls into two categories, the core BitBake system and the OpenEmbedded recipes, and the Java tools that are built inside of OpenEmbedded.
General Open Embedded
After installing OpenEmbedded, go to the root of the installation and run bitbake to confirm your environment is working properly:
$ bitbake NOTE: Handling BitBake files: \ (5485/5485) [100 %] NOTE: Parsing finished. 5249 cached, 0 parsed, 236 skipped, 0 masked. NOTE: Cache is clean, not saving. Nothing to do. Use 'bitbake world' to build everything, or run 'bitbake --help' for usage information.
If you get a parse error or sanity check error, please consult the general OE troubleshooting page.
Java Native Tools
The next step is to build the host-side tools that will be used to compile Java libraries. While this process is somewhat complex, involving tools such as ecj, gnu classpath, and cacao, it is necessary. First, try building cacao-native. This should pull in most of the dependencies.
$ bitbake cacao-native ... NOTE: package cacao-native-0.99.3: completed NOTE: Tasks Summary: Attempted 265 tasks of which 248 didn't need to be rerun and 0 failed. NOTE: build 200810031648: completed
BitBake classes are how the core bitbake program can be extended for specific tasks. The Jalimo group has added two bbclasses: java.bbclass, java-library.bbclass. These classes make it easier to write recipes that require or generate Java code by handing mapping to OE-hosts JVM, and managing classpath dependencies. These classes also define conventions for where JVMs, and Java libraries should live on the target image.
Creating a recipe
Now it's time to write our own recipe for a Java library. This will allow a package to be built and deployed to an OE image, and lets other people benefit from the work. In this example we will be writing a recipe for Concierge, a light and simple OSGi framework.